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SQL Server FAQ - Defragmenting Table Indexes

By: FYIcenter.com

(Continued from previous topic...)

How To Defragment Table Indexes?

When a table index is fragmented to a certain percentage, you need to defragment the index to maintain its performance level. There are 3 ways to defragment:

1. "ALTER INDEX index_name ON table_name REORGANIZE" - Defragmenting the specified index performed in online mode. No locks applied on affected table. Used for indexes with a small fragmentation percentage.

2. "ALTER INDEX index_name ON table_name REBUILD" - Defragmenting the specified index performed in offline mode by default. It can be performed in online mode. Used for indexes with a large fragmentation percentage.

3. "CREATE INDEX ... WITH (DROP_EXISTING = ON)" - Re-creating the specified index. The definition of the index can be changed.

(Continued on next topic...)

  1. What Are Indexes?
  2. How To Create an Index on an Existing Table?
  3. How To View Existing Indexes on an Given Table using SP_HELP?
  4. How To View Existing Indexes on an Given Table using sys.indexes?
  5. How To Drop Existing Indexes?
  6. Is the PRIMARY KEY Column of a Table an Index?
  7. Does the UNIQUE Constraint Create an Index?
  8. What Is the Difference Between Clustered and Non-Clustered Indexes?
  9. How To Create a Clustered Index?
  10. How To Create an Index for Multiple Columns?
  11. How To Create a Large Table with Random Data for Index Testing?
  12. How To Measure Performance of INSERT Statements?
  13. Does Index Slows Down INSERT Statements?
  14. Does Index Speed Up SELECT Statements?
  15. What Happens If You Add a New Index to Large Table?
  16. What Is the Impact on Other User Sessions When Creating Indexes?
  17. What Is Index Fragmentation?
  18. What Causes Index Fragmentation?
  19. How To Defragment Table Indexes?
  20. How To Defragment Indexes with ALTER INDEX ... REORGANIZE?
  21. How To Rebuild Indexes with ALTER INDEX ... REBUILD?
  22. How To Rebuild All Indexes on a Single Table?
  23. How To Recreate an Existing Index?

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