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Define External Table in a Text File in Oracle
How To Define an External Table in a Text File in Oracle? You can use the CREATE TABLE statement to create external tables. But you need to use ORGANIZATION EXTERNAL clause to specify the external file location and the data access driver. The tutorial exercise below shows you how to define an extern...
2016-10-19, 312👍, 1💬

💬 2016-10-19 Randy: Great example, Thanks!

"ALTER LOGIN" - Disabling a Login Name in SQL Server
How To Disable a Login Name in SQL Server? If you want temporarily disable a login name, you can use the "ALTER LOGIN" statement with a DISABLE keyword. If you want to enable it later on, you can use the ENABLE keyword. The tutorial exercise below shows how to disable and enable login name "Dba_Logi...
2016-10-19, 164👍, 0💬

sys.database_principals - Listing All User Names in SQL Server
How To List All User Names in a Database in SQL Server? If you want to see a list of all user names defined in a database, you can use the system view, sys.database_principals as shown in this tutorial exercise: -- Login with sa -- Select a database USE FyiCenterData; GO -- List all user names SELEC...
2016-10-19, 163👍, 0💬

"ALTER LOGIN" - Changing a Login Name in SQL Server
How To Change a Login Name in SQL Server? If you want to change a login name, you can use the "ALTER LOGIN" statement as shown in this tutorial example: -- Login with "sa" -- Change login name ALTER LOGIN Fyi_Login WITH NAME = Dba_Login; GO -- View login names SELECT name, sid, type, type_desc FROM ...
2016-10-19, 159👍, 0💬

"CREATE USER" - Creating a User Name in a Database in SQL Server
How To Create a User Name in a Database in SQL Server? User names are security principals at the database level. If you want to allow a login name to access a specific database, you need to create a user name in that database and link it to the login name. Creating a user name can be done by using t...
2016-10-19, 147👍, 0💬

"DROP LOGIN" - Deleting a Login Name in SQL Server
How To Delete a Login Name in SQL Server? If you don't want to keep a login name any more, you should delete it by using the "DROP LOGIN" statement as shown in this tutorial example: -- Login with "sa" DROP LOGIN Dba_Login; GO Command(s) completed successfully. -- View login names SELECT name, sid, ...
2016-10-19, 143👍, 0💬

"ALTER USER" - Changing the Name of a Database User in SQL Server
How To Change the Name of a Database User in SQL Server? If you want to change the name of an existing database user, you can use the "ALTER USER" statement as shown in the tutorial exercise below: -- Login with "sa" USE FyiCenterData; GO ALTER USER Fyi_User WITH NAME = Dba_User; GO -- List all user...
2016-10-18, 275👍, 0💬

Verifying a User Name with SQLCMD Tool in SQL Server
How To Verify a User name with SQLCMD Tool in SQL Server? The quickest way to verify a user name in a database is probably to use the SQLCMD tool. You can connect to the server, select the database, and check which user name is linked the current login name as shown below. Start a command window and...
2016-10-18, 187👍, 0💬

"DROP USER" - Deleting a Database User in SQL Server
How To Delete an Existing Database User in SQL Server? If you don't want to keep a database user any more, you should delete the user by using the "DROP USER" statement. This tutorial exercise shows how to delete "Dba_User": -- Login with "sa" USE FyiCenterData; GO DROP USER Dba_User; GO -- List all...
2016-10-18, 149👍, 0💬

Finding the Login Name Linked to a Given User Name in SQL Server
How To Find the Login Name Linked to a Given User Name in SQL Server? If you know a user name in a database and you want to find out which login name is linked this user name, you need to check the Security ID (SID) of the user name based on the following rules: Each login name is associated a uniqu...
2016-10-18, 149👍, 0💬

SQL Server Database Tutorials
Where to find SQL Server database server tutorials? Here is a collection of tutorials, tips and FAQs for SQL Server DBA and SQL Server database application developers. Clear explanations and sample scripts provided can be used as learning tutorials or interview preparation guides. It doesn't matter ...
2016-10-18, 301👍, 0💬

About dba.FYIcenter.com Website
What is dba.FYIcenter.com Website about? dba.FYIcenter.com is a Website for DBAs (database administrators) and database application developers looking for database server management tips, database programming tutorials, career information, and so on. Just browse through the site, you will find the b...
2016-10-17, 888👍, 0💬

Creating Multi-Statement Table-Value Functions in SQL Server
How To Create an Multi-Statement Table-Valued Function in SQL Server Transact-SQL? To create a multi-statement table-valued function, you need to define a temporary table as the returning table in the function. INSERT statements should be used to insert data into the returning table. The tutorial ex...
2016-10-17, 296👍, 0💬

"DECLARE ... CURSOR" - Declaring Cursor Objects in SQL Server
How To Declare a Cursor with "DECLARE ... CURSOR" in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you want to use a cursor to represent the result set of a query, you need to define a cursor name with a SELECT sub-statement using the "DECLARE ... CURSOR" statement using the following syntax format: DECLARE cursor_na...
2016-10-17, 178👍, 0💬

Using Cursors in SQL Server Transact-SQL
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on Using Cursors in SQL Server Transact-SQL? I want to loop through rows in a result set. Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team on Using Cursors in SQL Server Transact-SQL. Clear explanati...
2016-10-17, 158👍, 0💬

"FETCH" - Fetching the Next Row from a Cursor in SQL Server
How To Fetch the Next Row from a Cursor with a "FETCH" Statement in SQL Server Transact-SQL? When the result set is ready in a cursor, you can use a FETCH statement to retrieve one row from the result set in the same format as a SELECT statement. The FETCH statement has the following formats: FETCH ...
2016-10-17, 147👍, 0💬

"OPEN" - Executing the Query of a Cursor in SQL Server
How To Execute the Cursor Queries with "OPEN" Statements in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Once a cursor is declared, you need to execute the query attached to the cursor so that the result set returned from the query can be accessed through the cursor. To execute the cursor query, you should use the OPEN...
2016-10-17, 147👍, 0💬

What Are Cursors in SQL Server
What Are Cursors in SQL Server Transact-SQL? A cursor is a special data type that represents a result set returned by a SELECT query statement. There are several notes about cursor you need to remember: Cursor data type can not be used to define table columns. Cursor data type is used on store proce...
2016-10-17, 136👍, 0💬

"@@FETCH_STATUS" - Looping through Result Set in SQL Server
How To Loop through the Result Set with @@FETCH_STATUS in SQL Server Transact-SQL? The FETCH statement only returns one row from the result set. If you want to return all rows, you need to put the FETCH statement in a loop. A simple way to stop the loop to check the system variable @@FETCH_STATUS, w...
2016-10-17, 251👍, 0💬

DYNAMIC - Creating Dynamic Cursors in SQL Server
How To Create a Dynamic Cursor with the DYNAMIC Option in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If the underlying table is changed after the cursor is opened, should the changes be reflected in the cursor result set? The answer is based on the update option used when creating the cursor. SQL SERVER supports two ...
2016-10-17, 175👍, 0💬

SCROLL - Creating Cursors for Backward Scrolling in SQL Server
How To Create a Scrollable Cursor with the SCROLL Option in SQL Server Transact-SQL? SQL Server offers two scrolling option on cursors: 1. FORWARD_ONLY - The cursor can only be scrolled forward with "FETCH NEXT" statements. In another word, you can only loop through the cursor from the first row to ...
2016-10-17, 146👍, 0💬

Declaring and Using Cursor Variables in SQL Server
How To Declare and Use Cursor Variables in SQL Server Transact-SQL? There are two ways to representing a cursor: 1. A cursor name - A static name representing a cursor object. A cursor name should be linked to a cursor object in the DECLARE statement. 2. A cursor variable name - A variable name poin...
2016-10-17, 146👍, 0💬

"FETCH" - Transferring Data from Cursors to Variables in SQL Server
How To Transfer Data from a Cursor to Variables with a "FETCH" Statement in SQL Server Transact-SQL? By default, a FETCH statement will display the fetched row on the client program window. If you want to transfer the output data to variables, you can specify an INTO clause with a list of variables ...
2016-10-17, 140👍, 0💬

SQL Server Transact-SQL Tutorials
Where to find tutorials to answer some frequently asked questions on Microsoft SQL Server Transact-SQL? I want to know how to write database scripts to run on SQL Server. Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team about Microsoft SQL Server Tran...
2016-10-17, 190👍, 0💬

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