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Call Procedure or Function Recursively in Oracle
Can Sub Procedure/Function Be Called Recursively in Oracle? PL/SQL allows sub procedures or functions to be called recursively. The tutorial example below shows you how to calculate factorial values with a recursive sub function: SQL&gt; CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE FACTORIAL_TEST AS 2 FUNCTION F...
2018-03-18, 812👍, 0💬

Creating User Defined Functions with Parameters in SQL Server
How To Create User Defined Functions with Parameters in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Very often, you need to create a function with one or more parameters so that the function can be more generic. You only supply values to those parameters at the time of executing the function. User defined functions wi...
2016-12-18, 812👍, 0💬

Oracle Built-in Data Types in Oracle
What Are the Oracle Built-in Data Types in Oracle? There are 20 Oracle built-in data types, divided into 6 groups: Character Datatypes - CHAR, NCHAR, NVARCHAR2, VARCHAR2 Number Datatypes - NUMBER, BINARY_FLOAT, BINARY_DOUBLE Long and Row Datatypes - LONG, LONG RAW, RAW Datetime Datatypes - DATE, TIM...
2020-05-29, 811👍, 0💬

Use Group Functions in ORDER BY Clause in Oracle
Can Group Functions Be Used in the ORDER BY Clause in Oracle? If the query output is aggregated as groups, you can sort the groups by using group functions in the ORDER BY clause. The following statement returns how many employees are having the same salary in each department. The group output is so...
2019-10-27, 811👍, 0💬

Start a Specific Oracle Instance in Oracle
How To Start a Specific Oracle Instance in Oracle? A simple way to start a specific Oracle instance is to start the instance with the PFILE option as shown in the following example: &gt;.\bin\sqlplus /nolog SQL&gt; CONNECT / AS SYSDBA Connected. SQL&gt; STARTUP NOMOUNT PFILE=$ORACLE_HOME...
2018-05-08, 811👍, 0💬

What Is a Directory Object in Oracle
What Is a Directory Object in Oracle? A directory object is a logical alias for a physical directory path name on the operating system. Directory objects can be created, dropped, and granted access permissions to different users. The following tutorial exercise shows you some good examples: &gt;...
2016-10-15, 811👍, 0💬

Requirements for SQL*Plus Connection in Oracle
What Information Is Needed to Connect SQL*Plus an Oracle Server in Oracle? If you want to connect your SQL*Plus session to an Oracle server, you need to know the following information about this server: The network hostname, or IP address, of the Oracle server. The network port number where the Orac...
2020-08-25, 810👍, 0💬

Divide Query Output into Groups in Oracle
How To Divide Query Output into Groups in Oracle? You can divide query output into multiple groups with the GROUP BY clause. It allows you specify a column as the grouping criteria, so that rows with the same value in the column will be considered as a single group. When the GROUP BY clause is speci...
2019-11-21, 810👍, 0💬

Scalar Data Types Supported in PL/SQL in Oracle
How Many Scalar Data Types Are Supported in PL/SQL in Oracle? PL/SQL supports many scalar data types divided into 4 groups: Numeric Types: BINARY_DOUBLE, BINARY_FLOAT, BINARY_INTEGER, DEC, DECIMAL, DOUBLE PRECISION, FLOAT, INT, INTEGER, NATURAL, NATURALN, NUMBER, NUMERIC, PLS_INTEGER, POSITIVE, POSI...
2018-11-17, 810👍, 0💬

Testing New User Account and Password in MySQL
How To Test a New User Account and Password in MySQL? If you have new user created with a password, you test it using "mysql" program with the "-u" and "-p" options. The following tutorial exercise shows you some interesting use cases of connecting to the server with user names and passwords: &g...
2017-09-08, 810👍, 0💬

Unicode Character Data Types in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What are Unicode character string data types supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Unicode character string data types are used to hold Unicode character strings. There are 3 Unicode character string data types supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL: 1. NCHAR (or NATIONAL CHAR, or NATIONAL CHARACTER) ...
2017-04-08, 810👍, 0💬

What Is a Boolean Value in SQL Server
What Is a Boolean Value in SQL Server Transact-SQL? A Boolean value indicates a condition in a state of TRUE or FALSE. In Transact-SQL language, there is not storage data type defined to store a Boolean value. So Boolean values can only exist temporarily as part of the execution of Transact-SQL expr...
2017-01-29, 810👍, 0💬

"ALTER TABLE ... ADD" - Adding New Columns to Existing Tables in SQL Server
How To Add a New Column to an Existing Table with "ALTER TABLE ... ADD" in SQL Server? If you have an existing table with existing data rows, and want to add a new column to that table, you can use the "ALTER TABLE ... ADD" statement. The tutorial script below shows you a good example: ALTER TABLE t...
2016-11-17, 810👍, 0💬

Truncating DATETIME Values to Dates without Time in SQL Server
How To Truncate DATETIME Values to Dates without Time in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Assuming that you have some date and time, DATETIME, values, and you want to work with dates only. You want to truncate them to dates without time, or with time of 00:00:00.000. Again, SQL Server offers no simple solut...
2017-02-08, 809👍, 0💬

"ALTER INDEX ... REORGANIZE" - Defragmenting Indexes in SQL Server
How To Defragment Indexes with ALTER INDEX ... REORGANIZE in SQL Server? When an index is defragmented to a small percentage, like &lt; 30%, you can use the "ALTER INDEX ... REORGANIZE" statement to defragment the index. Here is a tutorial exercise on defragmenting indexes: USE FyiCenterData; GO...
2016-11-08, 809👍, 0💬

Define Default Values for Formal Parameters in Oracle
How To Define Default Values for Formal Parameters in Oracle? If you have an IN parameter, you can make it as an optional parameter for the calling statement by defining the formal parameter with the DEFAULT clause. This gives you the freedom of not providing the actual parameter when calling this p...
2018-10-19, 807👍, 0💬

Data Pump Export Utility in Oracle
What Is the Data Pump Export Utility in Oracle? Oracle Data Pump Export utility is a standalone programs that allows you to export data objects from Oracle database to operating system files called dump file set, which can be imported back to Oracle database only by Oracle Data Pump Import utility. ...
2016-10-15, 807👍, 0💬

Delete Multiple Rows from a Table in Oracle
How To Delete Multiple Rows from a Table in Oracle? You can delete multiple rows from a table in the same way as deleting a single row, except that the WHERE clause will match multiple rows. The tutorial exercise below deletes 3 rows from the fyi_links table: SELECT * FROM fyi_links WHERE id &gt...
2020-01-04, 806👍, 0💬

Types of Cursors Supported in PL/SQL in Oracle
How Many Types of Cursors Supported in PL/SQL in Oracle? PL/SQL supports two types of cursors: The implicit cursor - A single default cursor that automatically connects to the last DML statement executed. Explicit cursors - User defined cursors with specific DML statements and execution statuses.   ...
2018-02-01, 806👍, 0💬

SELECT Query Statements with GROUP BY in MySQL
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on SELECT Query Statements with GROUP BY in MySQL? Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team SELECT Query Statements with GROUP BY in MySQL. Clear answers are provided with tutorial exercises ...
2017-11-05, 806👍, 0💬

Error: Could not Resolve the Connect Identifier in Oracle
What Happens If You Use a Wrong Connect Identifier in Oracle? Of course, you will get an error, if you use a wrong connect identifier. Here is an example of how SQL*Plus react to a wrong connect identifier: SQL&gt; CONNECT fyi/retneciyf@WRONG; ERROR: ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve the connect ...
2020-08-13, 805👍, 0💬

Run SQL Commands in SQL*Plus in Oracle
How To Run SQL Commands in SQL*Plus in Oracle? If you want to run a SQL command in SQL*Plus, you need to enter the SQL command in one or more lines and terminated with (;). The tutorial exercise below shows a good example: SQL&gt; SELECT 'Welcome!' FROM DUAL; 'WELCOME -------- Welcome! SQL&g...
2020-08-03, 805👍, 1💬

💬 2020-08-03 chelseaclark: β-Arrestin recruitment is a ubiquitous mechanism of negative regulation of GPCR signaling, which has been demonstrated for almos...

Invoke Built-in Functions in PL/SQL in Oracle
How To Invoke Built-in Functions in PL/SQL in Oracle? Of course, you can invoke SQL functions in SQL statements. But many SQL functions can also be executed in regular PL/SQL statements, as shown in the following sample script: DECLARE now DATE; id NUMBER; str VARCHAR2(40); BEGIN now := SYSDATE; DBM...
2018-09-13, 805👍, 0💬

Rename an Index in Oracle
How To Rename an Index in Oracle? Let's say you have an existing index, and you don't like its name anymore for some reason, you can rename it with the ALTER INDEX ... RENAME TO statement. Here is an example script on how to rename an index: CREATE TABLE student (id NUMBER(5) PRIMARY KEY, first_name...
2019-05-01, 804👍, 0💬

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