Differences of DECIMAL and FLOAT in SQL Server

Q

What Are the Differences between DECIMAL and FLOAT in SQL Server Transact-SQL?

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A

DECIMAL and FLOAT are both used to store numerical values. But they have the following main differences:

  • DECIMAL(p,s) stores values with the decimal point fixed at the position of s (scale) digits from the right. The total number of decimal digits is also fixed as p (precision).
  • FLOAT(n) stores values with the decimal point floating based on the value. The number of bits used to store the mantissa part is fixed as n.
  • If the input value of DECIMAL(p,s) has more digits after the decimal point than the scale s, the value will be rounded to the scale s.
  • If the input value of FLOAT(n) has more total digits (mantissa) than what n bits can store, the value will be rounded to fit the storage size.
  • If the input value of DECIMAL(p,s) has more digits before the decimal point than p-s, SQL Server will give you an over-flow error.
  • If the input value of FLOAT(n) is too big that the exponential part goes over the positive limit, SQL Server will give you an over-flow error.
  • If the input value of FLOAT(n) is too small that the exponential part goes over the negative limit, SQL Server will give you an under-flow error.

 

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2017-04-15, 228👍, 0💬