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Open and Close an Explicit Cursor in Oracle
How To Open and Close an Explicit Cursor in Oracle? An existing cursor can be opened or closed by the OPEN or CLOSE statement as shown in the following sample script: DECLARE CURSOR c_list IS SELECT * FROM countries; CURSOR t_list IS SELECT * FROM employees WHERE employee_id = 100; BEGIN OPEN c_list...
2018-07-22, 671👍, 0💬

Converting Dates to Character Strings in MySQL
How To Convert Dates to Character Strings in MySQL? You can convert dates to character strings using the DATE_FORMAT(date, format) function. MySQL supports the following basic formatting codes: %a Abbreviated weekday name (Sun..Sat) %b Abbreviated month name (Jan..Dec) %c Month, numeric (0..12) %D D...
2017-12-26, 671👍, 0💬

Ways to Start a New Transaction in MySQL
How To Start a New Transaction in MySQL? MySQL server offers two modes to manage transactions: Autocommit On - Default mode. Can be started with "SET AUTOCOMMIT = 1" command. In this mode, every single SQL statement is a new transaction. All changes will be committed at the end of the statement exec...
2016-10-17, 671👍, 0💬

Pass a Parameter to a Cursor in Oracle
How To Pass a Parameter to a Cursor in Oracle? When you define a cursor, you can set a formal parameter in the cursor. The formal parameter will be replaced by an actual parameter in the OPEN cursor statement. Here is a good example of a cursor with two parameters: CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE FYI_CE...
2018-07-18, 670👍, 0💬

Entering Character Strings in MySQL
How To Include Character Strings in SQL statements in MySQL? If you want to include character strings in your SQL statements, you need to quote them in one of the following formats: Using single quotes. For example 'FYIcenter.com'. Using double quotes. For example "FYI Center". Using single quotes p...
2018-04-12, 670👍, 0💬

"ALTER FUNCTION" - Modifying Existing Functions in SQL Server
How To Modify an Existing User Defined Function in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you find a mistake in an existing function previously created, you can drop (delete) it and create it again correctly. But dropping a function may affect other database objects who are depending on this function. So the b...
2016-12-18, 670👍, 0💬

Entering Numeric Values in MySQL
How To Include Numeric Values in SQL statements in MySQL? If you want to include a numeric value in your SQL statement, you can enter it directly as shown in the following examples: SELECT 255 FROM DUAL; -- An integer 255 SELECT -6.34 FROM DUAL; -- A regular number -6.34 SELECT -32032.6809e+10 FROM ...
2018-03-31, 669👍, 0💬

Passing Expressions to Function Parameters in SQL Server
Can You Pass Expressions to Function Parameters in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Can you pass expressions to stored procedure parameters? The answer is yes. When executing functions, input values can be written as expressions. But the resulting value data type must match the parameter. The tutorial exerc...
2016-12-18, 669👍, 0💬

Giving Privileges at the Database Level in MySQL
How To Grant User Privileges at the Database Level in MySQL? If you want to grant a user privilege at the database level, you can use the "GRANT privilegeName ON databaseName.* TO userName" command. The argument "databasename.*" in the command stands for all tables in the specified database. The fol...
2017-08-21, 668👍, 0💬

ANSI Data Types in Oracle
What Are the ANSI Data Types Supported in Oracle in Oracle? The following ANSI data types are supported in Oracle: CHARACTER(n) / CHAR(n) CHARACTER VARYING(n) / CHAR VARYING(n) NATIONAL CHARACTER(n) / NATIONAL CHAR(n) / NCHAR(n) NATIONAL CHARACTER VARYING(n) / NATIONAL CHAR VARYING(n) / NCHAR VARYIN...
2020-04-14, 667👍, 0💬

Define an Anonymous Block in Oracle
How To Define an Anonymous Block in Oracle? An anonymous block must have an execution part, which is a group of other PL/SQL statements enclosed in the BEGIN ... END statement. Here is a script on how to define a simple anonymous block with SQL*Plus: SQL&gt; set serveroutput on; SQL&gt; begi...
2018-10-30, 667👍, 0💬

Concatenating Character Strings in MySQL
How To Concatenate Two Character Strings in MySQL? If you want concatenate multiple character strings into one, you need to use the CONCAT() function. Here are some good examples: SELECT CONCAT('Welcome',' to') FROM DUAL; Welcome to SELECT CONCAT('FYI','center','.com') FROM DUAL; FYIcenter.com   ⇒In...
2018-04-07, 667👍, 0💬

Entering Binary Numbers in MySQL
How To Enter Binary Numbers in SQL Statements in MySQL? If you want to enter character strings or numeric values as binary numbers, you can quote binary numbers with single quotes and a prefix of (B), or just prefix binary numbers with (0b). Binary numbers will be automatically converted into charac...
2018-03-31, 667👍, 0💬

Creating a New Table in MySQL
How To Create a New Table in MySQL? If you want to create a table, you can run the CREATE TABLE statement as shown in the following sample script: &lt;?php include "mysql_connection.php"; $sql = "CREATE TABLE fyi_links (" . " id INTEGER NOT NULL" . ", url VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL" . ", notes VARCHAR...
2017-10-08, 667👍, 0💬

Understanding and Managing Views in SQL Server
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on Understanding and Managing Views in SQL Server? Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team on Understanding and Managing Views in SQL Server. Clear answers are provided with tutorial exercis...
2016-11-08, 667👍, 0💬

Viewing Log File with "mysqlbinlog" in MySQL
How To Use mysqlbinlog to View Binary Logs in MySQL? If you have binary logs turned on, you can use "mysqlbinlog" to view the binary log files. The tutorial exercise below shows you how to view two binary files together: &gt;cd \mysql\bin &gt;mysql -u root -pretneciyf test &gt;mysqlbinlo...
2017-11-29, 666👍, 0💬

Run the Anonymous Block Again in Oracle
How To Run the Anonymous Block Again in Oracle? If you have an anonymous block defined in your session, you can run it any time by using the "/" command as shown in the following script: SQL&gt; set serveroutput on; SQL&gt; begin 2 dbms_output.put_line('This is a PL/SQL FAQ.'); 3 end; 4 / Th...
2018-10-30, 665👍, 0💬

Server Daemon mysqld Administration in MySQL
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on Server Daemon mysqld Administration in MySQL? Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team on Server Daemon mysqld Administration in MySQL. Clear answers are provided with tutorial exercises o...
2017-12-09, 665👍, 0💬

"DROP PROCEDURE" - Dropping an Existing Procedure in SQL Server
How To Drop an Existing Stored Procedure in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you have an existing procedure that you don't want to use it anymore, you should delete it from the SQL Server by using the "DROP PROCEDURE" statement as shown in the tutorial example below: USE FyiCenterData; GO DROP PROCEDURE ...
2017-01-05, 665👍, 0💬

Duplicate Key Error on Primary Key Columns in SQL Server
What Happens If You Insert a Duplicate Key for the Primary Key Column in SQL Server? If your table has a primary key column, and you are trying to insert a new row with duplicate key value on the primary key column, you will get an error. The reason is simple - Primary key column does not allow dupl...
2016-11-02, 665👍, 0💬

Drop an Existing Index in Oracle
How To Drop an Existing Index in Oracle? If you don't need an existing index any more, you should delete it with the DROP INDEX statement. Here is an example SQL script: CREATE TABLE student (id NUMBER(5) PRIMARY KEY, first_name VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL, last_name VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL, birth_date DATE N...
2020-02-20, 664👍, 0💬

Indexes for the PRIMARY KEY Column in Oracle
What Is an Index Associated with a Constraint in Oracle? An index associated with a constraint because this constraint is required to have an index. There are two types of constraints are required to have indexes: UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY. When you defines a UNIQUE or PRIMARY KEY constraint in a table...
2019-05-01, 664👍, 0💬

Select Some Columns from a Table in Oracle
How To Select Some Columns from a Table in Oracle? If you want explicitly tell the query to some columns, you can specify the column names in SELECT clause. The following select statement returns only two columns from the table "departments": SQL&gt; SELECT location_id, department_name FROM DEPA...
2019-12-19, 663👍, 0💬

Index - Data Structure for Query Performance in Oracle
What Is an Index in Oracle? Index is an optional structure associated with a table that allow SQL statements to execute more quickly against a table. Just as the index in this manual helps you locate information faster than if there were no index, an Oracle Database index provides a faster access pa...
2019-05-10, 663👍, 0💬

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