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Start the Default Instance in Oracle
How To Use "startup" Command to Start Default Instance in Oracle? If you logged in to the server as a SYSDBA, you start the default instance with the "startup" command. Here is how to start the default instance in SQL*Plus in SYSDBA mode: &gt;.\bin\sqlplus Enter user-name: SYSTEM/fyicenter AS SY...
2020-09-15, 1696🔥, 0💬

Instance Settings Stored in SPFile in Oracle
Where Are the Settings Stored for Each Instance in Oracle? Settings for each instance are stored in a file called Server Parameter File (SPFile). Oracle supports two types of parameter files, Text type, and Binary type. parameter files should be located in $ORACLE_HOME\database directory. A paramete...
2020-09-15, 1666🔥, 0💬

Login to Server without an Instance in Oracle
How To Login to the Server without an Instance in Oracle? If your default instance is in trouble, and you can not use the normal login process to reach the server, you can use a special login to log into the server without any instance. Here is how to use SQL*Plus to log in as a system BDA: &gt;...
2020-09-15, 1610🔥, 0💬

Requirements for SQL*Plus Connection in Oracle
What Information Is Needed to Connect SQL*Plus an Oracle Server in Oracle? If you want to connect your SQL*Plus session to an Oracle server, you need to know the following information about this server: The network hostname, or IP address, of the Oracle server. The network port number where the Orac...
2020-08-25, 2502🔥, 0💬

Introduction to Command-Line SQL*Plus Client Tool
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on Command-Line SQL*Plus Client Tool? I want to learn simple ways to run commands on Oracle database server. Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team on Command-Line SQL*Plus Client Tool. Cle...
2020-08-25, 2475🔥, 0💬

Main Features of SQL*Plus in Oracle
What Is SQL*Plus in Oracle? SQL*Plus is an interactive and batch query tool that is installed with every Oracle Database Server or Client installation. It has a command-line user interface, a Windows Graphical User Interface (GUI) and the iSQL*Plus web-based user interface. SQL*Plus has its own comm...
2020-08-25, 2232🔥, 0💬

Start the Command-Line SQL*Plus in Oracle
How To Start the Command-Line SQL*Plus in Oracle? If you Oracle server or client installed on your windows system, you can start the command-line SQL*Plus in two ways: 1. Click Start &gt; All Programs &gt; Oracle ... &gt; Start SQL Command Line. The SQL*Plus command window will show up w...
2020-08-25, 2121🔥, 0💬

Help at the SQL Prompt in Oracle
How To Get Help at the SQL Prompt in Oracle? Once SQL*Plus is started, you will get a SQL prompt like this: SQL&gt;. This where you can enter commands for SQL*Plus to run. To get help information at the SQL prompt, you can use the HELP command as shown in the following tutorial example: SQL&...
2020-08-25, 1670🔥, 0💬

Connect SQL*Plus Session to Oracle Server in Oracle
How To Connect a SQL*Plus Session to an Oracle Server in Oracle? In order to connect a SQL*Plus session to an Oracle server, you need to: 1. Obtain the connection information from the Oracle server DBA. 2. Define a new "connect identifier" called "FYI_XE" in your tnsnames.org file with the given con...
2020-08-13, 2452🔥, 0💬

Error: Could not Resolve the Connect Identifier in Oracle
What Happens If You Use a Wrong Connect Identifier in Oracle? Of course, you will get an error, if you use a wrong connect identifier. Here is an example of how SQL*Plus react to a wrong connect identifier: SQL&gt; CONNECT fyi/retneciyf@WRONG; ERROR: ORA-12154: TNS:could not resolve the connect ...
2020-08-13, 2401🔥, 0💬

Types of Commands Executed in SQL*Plus in Oracle
What Types of Commands Can Be Executed in SQL*Plus in Oracle? There are 4 types of commands you can run at the SQL*Plus command line prompt: 1. SQL commands - Standard SQL statements to be executed on target database on the Oracle server. For example: "SELECT * FROM fyi_faq;" is a SQL command. 2. PL...
2020-08-13, 2129🔥, 0💬

What Is a Connect Identifier in Oracle
What Is a Connect Identifier in Oracle? A "connect identifier" is an identification string of a single set of connection information to a specific target database instance on a specific Oracle server. Connect identifiers are defined and stored in a file called tnsnames.ora located in $ORACLE_HOME/ne...
2020-08-13, 1871🔥, 0💬

Reset Lost SYSTEM Password in Oracle
What To Do If DBA Lost the SYSTEM Password in Oracle? If the DBA lost the password of the SYSTEM user account, he/she can go to the Oracle server machine, and run SQL*Plus on server locally with the operating system authentication method to gain access to the database. The tutorial exercise below sh...
2020-08-13, 1649🔥, 0💬

Run SQL Commands in SQL*Plus in Oracle
How To Run SQL Commands in SQL*Plus in Oracle? If you want to run a SQL command in SQL*Plus, you need to enter the SQL command in one or more lines and terminated with (;). The tutorial exercise below shows a good example: SQL&gt; SELECT 'Welcome!' FROM DUAL; 'WELCOME -------- Welcome! SQL&g...
2020-08-03, 2821🔥, 1💬

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Show Current SQL*Plus System Settings in Oracle
How To Look at the Current SQL*Plus System Settings in Oracle? If you want to see the current values of SQL*Plus system settings, you can use the SHOW command as shown in the following tutorial exercise: SQL&gt; SHOW AUTOCOMMIT autocommit OFF SQL&gt; SHOW HEADING heading ON SQL&gt; SHOW ...
2020-07-22, 10660🔥, 0💬

Change SQL*Plus System Settings in Oracle
How To Change SQL*Plus System Settings in Oracle? SQL*Plus environment is controlled a big list of SQL*Plus system settings. You can change them by using the SET command as shown in the following list: SET AUTOCOMMIT OFF - Turns off the auto-commit feature. SET FEEDBACK OFF - Stops displaying the "2...
2020-07-22, 2332🔥, 0💬

SQL*Plus Environment Variables in Oracle
What Are SQL*Plus Environment Variables in Oracle? Behaviors of SQL*Plus are also controlled a some environment variables predefined on the local operating system. Here are some commonly used SQL*Plus environment variables: ORACLE_HOME - The home directory where your Oracle client application is ins...
2020-07-22, 2108🔥, 0💬

Run PL/SQL Statements in SQL*Plus in Oracle
How To Run PL/SQL Statements in SQL*Plus in Oracle? If you want to run a single PL/SQL statement in SQL*Plus, you need to use the EXECUTE command as shown in the following tutorial example: SQL&gt; SET SERVEROUTPUT ON SQL&gt; EXECUTE DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Welcome to FYIcenter!') Welcome to F...
2020-07-22, 2097🔥, 0💬

Input Buffer in SQL*Plus in Oracle
What Is Input Buffer in SQL*Plus in Oracle? Input buffer is a nice feature of the command-line SQL*Plus tool. It allows you to revise a multiple-line command and re-run it with a couple of simple commands. By default, input buffer is always turned on in SQL*Plus. The last SQL statement is always sto...
2020-07-15, 2546🔥, 0💬

Generate Query Output in HTML Format in Oracle
How To Generate Query Output in HTML Format in Oracle? If you want your query output to be generated in HTML format, you can use the "SET MARKUP HTML ON" to turn on the HTML feature. The following tutorial exercise gives you a good example: SQL&gt; connect HR/retneciyf SQL&gt; SET MARKUP HTM...
2020-07-15, 2381🔥, 0💬

Save Query Output to a Local File in Oracle
How To Save Query Output to a Local File in Oracle? Normally, when you run a SELECT statement in SQL*Plus, the output will be displayed on your screen. If you want the output to be saved to local file, you can use the "SPOOL fileName" command to specify a local file and start the spooling feature. W...
2020-07-15, 2251🔥, 0💬

Output Spooling in SQL*Plus in Oracle
What Is Output Spooling in SQL*Plus in Oracle? The output spooling a nice feature of the command-line SQL*Plus tool. If the spooling feature is turned on, SQL*Plus will send a carbon copy of the everything on your screen to a specified local file. Output spooling is used mostly for quick dump of dat...
2020-07-15, 2238🔥, 0💬

Revise and Rerun the Last SQL Command in Oracle
How To Revise and Re-Run the Last SQL Command in Oracle? If executed a long SQL statement, found a mistake in the statement, and you don't want enter that long statement again, you can use the input buffer commands to the correct last statement and re-run it. The following tutorial exercise gives yo...
2020-07-15, 1568🔥, 0💬

What Is Program Global Area (PGA) in Oracle
What Is Program Global Area (PGA) in Oracle? A Program Global Area (PGA) is a memory buffer that is allocated for each individual database session and it contains session specific information such as SQL statement data or buffers used for sorting. The value specifies the total memory allocated by al...
2020-07-07, 3085🔥, 0💬

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