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Add a New Column to an Existing Table with a Default Value in Oracle
How To Add a New Column to an Existing Table with a Default Value in Oracle? If you want to add a new column to an existing table, and insert a default value in this column on all existing data rows, you can use the ALTER TABLE ... ADD statement with the DEFAULT clause. Here is an example script: SQ...
2019-05-25, 882👍, 0💬

Statement Batch in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What is statement batch in SQL Server Transact-SQL? A statement batch is a group of one or more Transact-SQL statements sent at the same time from an application to SQL Server for execution. SQL Server compiles the statements of a batch into a single executable unit, called an execution plan. The st...
2017-05-29, 882👍, 0💬

"SELECT ... INTO" - Creating New Tables With Queries in SQL Server
How to create new tables with "SELECT ... INTO" statements in SQL Server? Let's say you have a table with many data rows, now you want to create a backup copy of this table of all rows or a subset of them, you can use the "SELECT ... INTO" statement. The tutorial script below gives you a good exampl...
2016-11-17, 882👍, 0💬

Attributes of the Implicit Cursor in Oracle
How To Use Attributes of the Implicit Cursor in Oracle? Right after executing a DML statement, you retrieve any attribute of the implicit cursor by using SQL%attribute_name, as shown in the following tutorial exercise: CREATE TABLE student (id NUMBER(5) PRIMARY KEY, first_name VARCHAR(80) NOT NULL, ...
2018-02-01, 880👍, 0💬

"sp_rename ... 'COLUMN'" - Renaming an Existing Column in SQL Server
How to rename an existing column with the "sp_rename" stored procedure in SQL Server? If you have an existing column in a table and you want to change the column name, you can use the "sp_rename ... 'COLUMN'" stored procedure. "sp_rename" allows you to change names of COLUMN, DATABASE, INDEX, USERDA...
2016-11-17, 879👍, 0💬

User_Name() - Database Level Security Principal of Your Session in SQL Server
What Is the Security Principal at the Database Level That Represents Your Session in SQL Server? Security principal identifies who you are when you interact with the SQL Server. What can do you at the database solely depends on the security principal that represents you. So it is very important to k...
2016-10-20, 879👍, 0💬

Collation - Character Code Page in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What Is a Collation in SQL Server Transact-SQL? A collation in Transact-SQL is a set of specifications defining a character set and its sorting rules. SQL Server support a large number of built-in collations. For example: Albanian_CI_AI_KS_WS - Albanian, case-insensitive (CI), accent-insensitive (AI...
2017-05-13, 878👍, 0💬

Privilege to Create Views in Oracle
What Privilege Is Needed for a User to Create Views in Oracle? To be able to create views in a user's own schema, the user needs to have the CREATE VIEW privilege, or the CREATE ANY VIEW privilege, which is more powerful, and allows the user to create views in other user's schema. The following tuto...
2019-06-29, 876👍, 0💬

What Is ODBC in Oracle
What Is Open Database Communication (ODBC) in Oracle? ODBC, Open Database Communication, a standard API (application program interface) developed by Microsoft for Windows applications to communicate with database management systems. Oracle offers ODBC drivers to allow Windows applications to connect...
2020-05-15, 875👍, 0💬

Start an Oracle Instance in Oracle
How To Start an Oracle Instance in Oracle? This is Step 6. Now you are ready to start the new Oracle Instance without any database. This instance will be used to create a database. Starting an instance without database can be done by using STARTUP NOMOUNT statement as shown below: &gt;.\bin\sqlp...
2018-05-08, 875👍, 0💬

Use "OUT" Parameters in Oracle
How To Use "OUT" Parameter Properly in Oracle? Here are the rules about OUT parameters: A formal OUT parameter acts like an un-initialized variable. It must be assigned with new values before the end of the procedure or function. An actual OUT parameter must be a variable. An actual OUT parameter wi...
2018-10-19, 870👍, 0💬

Define DSN with ODBC Manager in Oracle
How To Define a Data Source Name (DSN) in ODBC Manager in Oracle? DSN (Data Source Name) is an ODBC connection identifier for Windows applications. Here is how you can define a DSN on your Windows system: Go to Control Panel. Go to Administrative Tools. Run Data Sources (ODBC). Go to System DSN tab....
2016-10-15, 869👍, 0💬

Bring a Tablespace Offline in Oracle
How To Bring a Tablespace Offline in Oracle? If you want to stop users using a tablespace, you can bring it offline using the ALTER TABLESPACE ... OFFLINE statement as shown in the following script: SQL&gt; connect HR/fyicenter Connected. SQL&gt; CREATE TABLESPACE my_space 2 DATAFILE '/temp/...
2019-01-01, 868👍, 0💬

Sample Databases Are Provided by Microsoft in SQL Server
What Sample Scripts and Sample Databases Are Provided by Microsoft in SQL Server? In order to help you to learn SQL Server, Microsoft provides several free sample scripts and sample databases. SqlServerSamples.msi - 25,469 KB: Sample scripts. AdventureWorksDB.msi - 28,053 KB: Sample OLTP database: A...
2016-12-04, 868👍, 0💬

Tables Using MEMORY Storage Engine in MySQL
How To Create a New Table Using the MEMORY Storage Engine in MySQL? MEMORY storage engine stores table data in computer system memory. This is good for creating temporary tables. MEMORY is not the default storage engine. You need to specify "ENGINE = MEMORY" at the end of the "CREATE TABLE" statemen...
2017-08-08, 867👍, 0💬

Text Literals in Oracle
How To Write Text Literals in Oracle? There are several ways to write text literals as shown in the following samples: SELECT 'FYICenter.com' FROM DUAL -- The most common format FYICenter.com SELECT 'It''s Sunday!' FROM DUAL -- Single quote escaped It's Sunday! SELECT N'Allo, C''est moi.' FROM DUAL ...
2020-04-14, 866👍, 0💬

Run SQL*Plus Commands in SQL Developer in Oracle
How To Run SQL*Plus Commands in SQL Developer in Oracle? Most of the time, you only run SQL statements in SQL Worksheet, the SQL statement area. But you can also run some SQL*Plus commands in SQL Worksheet. The example below shows you how to run the DECRIBE command in SQL Developer: Go to SQL Worksh...
2018-10-08, 866👍, 0💬

Error: Exact Fetch Returns More Rows in Oracle
Can You Assign Multiple Query Result Rows To a Variable in Oracle? You can use "SELECT ... INTO variable" to assign query results to variables. But what happens if the SELECT statements return multiple rows? The answer is that you will get a run time error. The following tutorial exercise shows this...
2018-09-24, 866👍, 0💬

Export Your Own Schema in Oracle
How To Export Your Own Schema in Oracle? If you have a non-system user account and you want to export all data objects in the schema associated with your account, you can use the "expdp" command with the SCHEMAS parameter. Running "expdp" command with a non-system user account requires a directory o...
2016-10-15, 865👍, 0💬

Increment Dates by 1 in Oracle
How To Increment Dates by 1 in Oracle? If you have a date, and you want to increment it by 1. You can do this by adding the date with a date interval. You can also do this by adding the number 1 directly on the date. The tutorial example below shows you how to adding numbers to dates, and take date ...
2020-03-15, 864👍, 0💬

What Is Union in MySQL
What Is Union in MySQL? Join is data retrieval operation that combines multiple query outputs of the same structure into a single output.   ⇒Database Basics and Terminologies in MySQL ⇒⇒MySQL Database Tutorials
2017-07-07, 862👍, 0💬

Exact Numeric Literals in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What are exact numeric literals supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Exact numeric literals in Transact-SQL are numbers written in standard signed decimal formats. Exact numeric literals are used to provide values to exact numeric variables or table columns like INTEGER, DECIMAL(8,2), MONEY, etc. E...
2017-05-05, 862👍, 0💬

Privilege to Create Tables in Oracle
What Privilege Is Needed for a User to Create Tables in Oracle? To be able to create tables in a user's own schema, the user needs to have the CREATE TABLE privilege, or the CREATE ANY TABLE privilege, which is more powerful, and allows the user to create tables in other user's schema. The following...
2019-06-29, 861👍, 0💬

Open a Cursor Variable in Oracle
How To Open a Cursor Variable in Oracle? A cursor variable must be opened with a specific query statement before you can fetch data fields from its data rows. To open a cursor variable, you can use the OPEN ... FOR statement as shown in the following tutorial exercise: CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE FY...
2018-07-18, 861👍, 0💬

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