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CHAR(n) - Truncating/Padding Strings in SQL Server Transact-SQL
How Fixed Length Strings Are Truncated and Padded in SQL Server Transact-SQL? When the length of the input string does not match the storage size of the fixed length string data type CHAR(n). SQL Server will: If the input string of CHAR(n) has less than n bytes, it will be padded with space characte...
2017-05-13, 342👍, 0💬

Error: Lock Wait Timeout Exceeded in MySQL
What Happens to Your Transactions When ERROR 1205 Occurred in MySQL? If your transaction receives the "Lock wait timeout exceeded" - ERROR 1205, MySQL server automatically terminates your transaction and rolls back your data changes of the entire transaction. This is why the error messages tells you...
2017-04-28, 341👍, 0💬

CONVERT() - Converting Numeric Expression Data Types in SQL Server
How To Convert Numeric Expression Data Types using the CONVERT() Function in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you want to convert the data type of a numeric expression to a new data type, you can use the CONVERT(data_type, expression) function. The tutorial exercise below shows you how to use the CONVERT...
2017-03-27, 340👍, 0💬

ROUND() - Rounding Values to Specific Precisions in SQL Server
How To Round a Numeric Value To a Specific Precision in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Sometimes you need to round a numeric value to a specific precision. For example, you may want to round values in your financial statement to the precision of 1000.00. This can be done by the ROUND() function with the f...
2017-03-11, 335👍, 0💬

Default Collation in SQL Server Transact-SQL
How To Find Out What Is the Default Collation in SQL Server Transact-SQL? The default collation of a database comes from the server if you are not using the COLLATE clause in the CREATE DATABASE statement. If you are not using the COLLATE clause for character string column, it will use the default c...
2017-05-13, 330👍, 0💬

CHARINDEX() and SUBSTRING() - Locating and Taking Substrings in SQL Server
How To Locate and Take Substrings with CHARINDEX() and SUBSTRING() Functions in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Transact-SQL is not a language designed for manipulating strings, but it does have two simple functions to locate and take substrings: CHARINDEX() and SUBSTRING(). The tutorial exercise below ass...
2017-03-07, 329👍, 0💬

sys.procedures - Listing All Stored Procedures in SQL Server
How To List All Stored Procedures in the Current Database in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you want to see a list of stored procedures in your current database, you can use the system view, sys.procedures as shown in this tutorial exercise: USE FyiCenterData; GO SELECT * FROM sys.procedures; GO Name o...
2017-01-05, 326👍, 0💬

NULLIF() - Replacing Given Values with NULL in SQL Server
How To Replace Given Values with NULL using NULLIF() in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Sometime you want to hide certain values by replacing them with NULL values. SQL Server offers you a nice function called NULLIF() to do this: NULLIF(expression, value) -- Returns NULL if "expression" equals to value" -...
2017-01-29, 325👍, 0💬

What Is a Data Lock in MySQL
What Is a Data Lock in MySQL? MySQL uses two types of data locks at two levels to provide you the transaction isolation level you need: Share Lock at Row Level (S) - A data row is locked by a transaction for reading. Exclusive Lock at Row Level (X) - A data row is locked by a transaction for updatin...
2017-04-28, 324👍, 0💬

Approximate Numeric Literals in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What are approximate numeric literals supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Approximate numeric literals in Transact-SQL are numbers written in scientific notation formats. Approximate numeric literals are used to provide values to approximate numeric variables or table columns like LOAT(24), DOUBLE...
2017-05-05, 321👍, 0💬

AND, OR, XOR, and NOT - Bitwise Operations in SQL Server
What Are Bitwise Operations in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Bitwise operations are binary operations performed on one or two binary strings. SQL Server supports 4 bitwise operations: & (Bitwise AND) - Performing the single bit Boolean operation "AND" on each bit position. | (Bitwise OR) - Performing...
2017-02-25, 321👍, 0💬

Formatting Time Zone in +/-hh:mm Format in SQL Server
How To Format Time Zone in +/-hh:mm Format in SQL Server Transact-SQL? From the previous tutorial, you know how to calculate the time zone value by using GETDATE() and GETUTCDATE() functions. But how can you format that time zone value in a nice looking format like +05:45 or -04:00? Unfortunately, S...
2017-02-08, 321👍, 0💬

Collation - Character Code Page in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What Is a Collation in SQL Server Transact-SQL? A collation in Transact-SQL is a set of specifications defining a character set and its sorting rules. SQL Server support a large number of built-in collations. For example: Albanian_CI_AI_KS_WS - Albanian, case-insensitive (CI), accent-insensitive (AI...
2017-05-13, 320👍, 0💬

What Is a Dead Lock in MySQL
What Is a Dead Lock in MySQL? A dead lock is phenomenon happens between two transactions with each of them holding a lock that blocks the other transaction as shown in the following diagram: (transaction 1) (transaction 2) update row X to create lock 1 update row Y to create lock 2 update row X (blo...
2017-04-28, 320👍, 0💬

COLLATE Clause in SQL Server Transact-SQL
How To Specify the Collation for a Character Data Type in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you do not want to use the default collation provided by the SQL Server, you can use the "COLLATE collation_name" clause to specify a different collation to be used at different levels: Database Level - Used in CRE...
2017-05-13, 316👍, 0💬

Experiment with Data Locks in MySQL
How To Experiment Data Locks in MySQL? If you want to have some experience with data locks, you can create two windows running two mysql transactions in two sessions. In session 1, you can run a UPDATE statement with REPEATABLE READ transaction isolation level to create an exclusive lock. Before com...
2017-04-28, 316👍, 0💬

ISNULL() - Replacing NULL Values in Expressions in SQL Server
How To Replace NULL Values in Expressions using ISNULL() in SQL Server Transact-SQL? As you learned from previous tutorials, NULL values presented in expressions will cause the final results to be NULL. Sometimes, you want NULL values to be replaced with some default values, like 0, '', or 'NULL', s...
2017-02-03, 316👍, 0💬

sys.sql_modules - Getting Stored Procedure Definitions Back in SQL Server
How To Get the Definition of a Stored Procedure Back in SQL Server Transact-SQL? If you want get the definition of an existing stored procedure back from the SQL Server, you can use the system view called sys.sql_modules, which stores definitions of views and stored procedures. The sys.sql_modules h...
2017-01-05, 316👍, 0💬

Unicode String Literals in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What are Unicode string literals supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Unicode string literals in Transact-SQL are sequences of characters enclosed in single quotes and prefixed with (N) as N'...'. String literals are used to provide values to string variables or table columns like NCHAR(40), NVARCH...
2017-05-05, 315👍, 0💬

Load Data through External Tables in Oracle
How To Load Data through External Tables in Oracle? If you have data stored in external files, you can load it to database through an external table by the steps below: Create an external table with columns matching data fields in the external file. Create a regular table with the same columns. Run ...
2016-11-27, 314👍, 0💬

Creating a View with Data from Another View in SQL Server
Can You Create a View using Data from Another View in SQL Server? Can You Create a View with Data from Another View? The answer is yes. A view can be used as a table to build other views. The tutorial exercise below shows you how to create a view using data from another view: USE AdventureWorksLT; G...
2016-11-05, 314👍, 0💬

SQL Server Transact-SQL Tutorials
Where to find tutorials to answer some frequently asked questions on Microsoft SQL Server Transact-SQL? I want to know how to write database scripts to run on SQL Server. Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com DBA team about Microsoft SQL Server Tran...
2016-10-17, 314👍, 0💬

Data Literals in SQL Server Transact-SQL
Where to find answers to frequently asked questions on data literals in Microsoft SQL Server Transact-SQL? I am new to Transact-SQL and SQL Server. Here is a list of frequently asked questions and their answers compiled by FYIcenter.com team on data literals in Microsoft SQL Server Transact-SQL: Con...
2017-05-20, 312👍, 0💬

Single-byte String Literals in SQL Server Transact-SQL
What are single-byte string literals supported in SQL Server Transact-SQL? Single-byte string literals in Transact-SQL are sequences of characters enclosed in single quotes. String literals are used to provide values to string variables or table columns like CHAR(40), VARCHAR(40), etc. String litera...
2017-05-20, 311👍, 0💬

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